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Bangladesh Legend
Geography  

   

  Location : Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
  Area : total: 144,000 sq km
land: 133,910 sq km
water: 10,090 sq km
  Coastline : 580 km
  Climate : tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
  Terrain : mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
  Geography - note : most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal.
People    
     
  Population : 140 million
  Languages : Bangla and English
     
Government    
     
  Country name : Conventional long form: People's Republic of Bangladesh
conventional short form: Bangladesh
Former: East Pakistan
  Government type : Parliamentary Democracy
  Capital : Dhaka
  Main International Airports : Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet
  Main Sea Ports : Chittagong and Mongla
  Administrative Divisions : 6 divisions; Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet
  Independence Day : 26 March 1971 is the Independence Day from West Pakistan
  Victory Day : 16 December 1971 is the Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh
  Legal system : Based on English Common Laws.
  Suffrage : 18 years of age; universal
  International Organization Participation : ADB, , CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, , ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIK, UNMIL, UNMISET, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO.
Economy    
     
  GDP : Purchasing Power Parity - $258.8 billion (2003 est.)
  GDP - composition by sector : agriculture: 24%
industry: 26.7%
services: 49.3% (2002 est.)
  Labor Force : 64.1 million
Note: Export of 300,000 workforce annually on an average to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, Korea, Singapore, Malaysia etc. Workers' annual remittances estimated to be US$3.00 billion annually on an average.
  Unemployment rate : 40% (includes underemployment) (2002 est.)
  Industries : Cotton, textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, Pharmaceuticals, newsprint, cement, chemical, fertilizer, light engineering, sugar, leather
  Agriculture - products : Rice, jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit; beef, milk, poultry
  Exports : US $6.713 billion (2003 est.)
  Exports - commodities : Garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood, Pharmaceuticals,
handicrafts , tea , foodstuffs.

Exports – major partners : USA 27.6%, Germany 10.4%, UK 9.8%, France 5.7%, Italy 4% (2002)
  Imports : $9.459 billion (2003 est.)
  Imports commodities : Machinery and equipments, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles,
fabrics , toys, foodstuffs, petroleum products (2000)

Imports – major partners : India 14.6%, China 11.6%, Singapore 11.5%, Japan 7.6%, Hong Kong 5.4%, South Korea 4.3% (2002)
  Currency : Taka (BDT)
  Currency Code : BDT
  Fiscal year : 1 July - 30 June
     
Transportation    
     
  Railways : Total: 2,706 km
  Highways : Total: 207,486 km
  Waterways : Up to 8,046 km depending on season
Note: includes 3,058 km main cargo routes
  Major International Airports : Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet
  No. of Domestic Airports : 16
  Sea Ports and harbors : Chittagong, Mongla Port and Narayanganj
  Merchant Marine : Total: 40 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 319,897 GRT/440,575 DWT
by type: bulk 2, cargo 24, container 10, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1
  Unpaved runways : 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2003 est.)
 
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